Homo sapiens, in comparison to their predecessors, had a larger and more intricate brain, as well as a shorter face with a distinct chin. These modifications allowed for the development of a more sophisticated language than previously possible. Over the course of millions of years, researchers have uncovered a wealth of knowledge about our ancestors through archaeological and anthropological discoveries. We now understand that compared to Neanderthals, Homo erectus, and earlier Homo sapiens, we have a larger brain, less hair, better-developed facial features, and walk upright – all of which contribute to our ability to speak a more complex language. However, other factors have also played a role in shaping our evolution and adaptation. Here are some intriguing insights into the lives of early humans.
New findings suggest that early humans were able to ambush and hunt animal herds much earlier than previously believed, as evidenced by an ancient butchery site discovered in Tanzania. At least two million years ago, early humans used sophisticated hunting methods to take down large animals such as antelopes, gazelles, and wildebeest. Australian and Indonesian researchers have discovered that a hobbit-like human species existed roughly 18,000 years ago. This species, which was no taller than the average 3-year-old, coexisted with pygmy elephants and 10-foot lizards.
The Homo sapiens, the forebears of modern humans, first appeared in Africa. The “Out of Africa” hypothesis proposes that our ancestors migrated out of the continent to Europe and Asia, ultimately replacing earlier forms of human species, including Homo erectus. This migration occurred around 80,000 years ago. Interestingly, it turns out that Homo erectus, also known as upright humans, had followed the same path from Africa to Eurasia over a million years earlier. It appears that Homo sapiens were not the first ones to conceive of this idea.